Mobile applications have become an indispensable part of our lives. From socializing, travel booking, food ordering to online shopping, and more, we have a mobile application for almost everything. But have you ever wondered how a mobile application is built?
Of course, the development process needs experienced and skilled developers, designers, testing engineers, and other professionals. But what it needs the most is deciding on the right mobile app technologies. Here, we are talking about the frontend and backend technologies that contribute majorly to the success of a mobile application.
Selecting the right frontend and backend technologies plays a pivotal role when choosing the mobile app tech stack. To help you choose the most suitable one for your particular mobile application, as a top mobile app development company, we have provided a list of top five frontend and backend technologies in this blog. But before jumping on frameworks, let’s clear some basics first!.
Frontend Technology: Quick Overview
Frontend is the part of a mobile application or website that users see. In other words, the user interface of an app is called as its frontend. Frontend technologies help in designing, creating, and structuring the frontend seamlessly and efficiently.Button, menus, webpages, links, graphics, and other parts of the user experience on a web page or app are designed and built by front-end developers.
Moving ahead, let’s talk about,
Benefits of Front-end Development
- Effortless functionality – The newest front-end technologies and frameworks provide both rich functionality and performance. As a result, businesses may provide higher value to their clients and customers. Additionally, existing front-end development has a greater variety of and more diverse offerings.
- Faster development time – Front-end development can now be completed in a reasonably short amount of time. The time saved can be put to better use elsewhere.
- It’s simple to understand – The most recent front-end development technologies are straightforward to learn, utilize, and grasp. The learning curve isn’t too steep.
- Exceptionally safe – Sites built with cutting-edge technology are less vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Firms may anticipate a very secure environment.
- Quick response time – The site communicates, answers, and performs fast and effortlessly, thanks to the use of new technologies.
Roles and Responsibilities of Front-end Developers!
Whether you’re working on software, mobile apps, or the web, a front-end developers guarantees that your users can interact with your product with ease.
What is the Role of a Front-end Developer?
The following are the primary responsibilities:
- Turning design concepts into reality in collaboration with a designer
- Creating and maintaining your user interface and user experience (UI/UX)
- Making adjustments to the design
- Creating seamless user interactions
- Managing the flow of your app
- Usability testing and bug resolution
- Concentrate on using clean and secure coding practices
- Due to SEO principles, your website will be optimized
Now, let’s shift our focus and discuss,
Backend Technology: Quick Overview
Backend technology is the part of a mobile app or website that constitutes an application, database, and server. It deals with the features and functionalities of the app. The back-end, often known as the server-side, is made up of three parts: a server that gives data on demand, an application that channels it, and a database that organizes the data. Backend technologies enable a developer to combine these components for backend development.
Backend developers are in charge of the back end of a platform, which includes servers, databases, and apps, and they are in control of what you don’t see.
Skills as a Backend Developer
Back end developers deal with back-end languages and technologies like Java or Ruby on Rails to make web pages and applications operate. They also keep an eye on how the site is performing and make adjustments and updates to improve the back-end operation.
Roles and Responsibilities of Backend Developers!
The backend functionality of a platform is managed by backend developers.
Backend developers are in charge of developing and sustaining the logic and functionality that allows a website’s user-facing components to function.
Furthermore, their backend codes improve the usability of everything the frontend developers create. As a result, they allow web apps to function properly, keeping them quick and efficient. In addition, the codes they build make it possible for the database and the web browser to communicate smoothly. Backend developers do this by serving data to users via frontend programmes using backend development languages and technologies. They are backend development specialists who deal with the dealings. Let’s have a look at what they do and how they keep applications alive and well.
A back-end developer is in charge of the following tasks:
- Database creation and management
- Putting in place web server technology
- Using backend technologies to develop apps
- Using server-side languages to write code
- Taking care of API integration
- Managing cloud computing is something I’m in charge of
- The Content Management System must be set up and maintained
- Keeping an eye on security settings and preventing hacking
- Website files and databases are backed up and restored
- Creating and distributing reports and analytics to partners
As you’ve seen an overview of frontend and backend development; now, let’s move forward and discuss,
Top 5 Latest Frontend Technologies
Supported and maintained by Facebook, React is one of the popular frontend technologies among developers worldwide.
Airbnb, BBC, Reddit are some of the applications developed using React or React.js.React is the best choice for big projects with a large number of components (navigation panels, accordion sections, buttons, etc.) that have been through variable/binary states such as active/inactive, expanded/collapsed, active/disabled, and so on, thanks to its virtual DOM feature. When React is combined with additional libraries, such as Redux, it will be more powerful.
Why use React? Top benefits of React
Here are some of the top benefits of React js:
- Hot Reloading
- Virtual DOM Selective Rendering
- Support for SSR rendering
- UX and app performance are vastly improved
- Page Loading Metrics are available
- SEO optimization that works
- Code Reusability
Companies using React
This is yet another famous framework used for frontend development, i.e. for building interfaces. This open-source frontend technology uses MVVM (model-view-viewmodel) architecture and offers benefits like simple integration, small size, detailed documentation, 2-way communication, and more. Vue interacts seamlessly with current server pages and provides developers with web-pack integration as well as a variety of strong functionalities including tree-shaking, bundling, and code-splitting. Despite Angular and React, Vue has richer documentation and a shorter learning process for the web framework.
Why use VueJS? Top benefits of VueJS
- Documentation is comprehensive
- Simple Integration
- Excellent Support and Community
Companies using VueJS
Ember is among the most popular frameworks for creating front-end web apps among expert engineers. Ember, like Vue.js, is built on the MVMM design. It comes with a lot of sophisticated functionalities right out of the box, along with its routing and testing tools, but if you’d like more, the community maintains a lot of plugins and other important stuff. Ember’s component architecture makes it a good alternative for building client-side or mobile apps with robust and feature-rich single-page web apps.
Why use EmberJS? Top benefits of EmberJS
- Easily integrable
- Legacy browser support
- Lowers scoping errors
- Comes with router
Companies using EmberJS
#4. Backbone Js
BackboneJS was created in 2010 by Jeremy Ashkenas and is centered on the MVP (Model-View-Presenter) architecture. Backbone.js enables you to transform your data into models, DOM manipulations into views, and connect them together through events, as described in the MVC/MVP development model.
Backbone.js is an excellent choice for creating single-page, small, and straightforward web applications. When working on larger projects, however, it can be useful because it allows you to keep application logic distinct from UI, avoid tangled code, and give a balanced design with fewer code.
Why use BackboneJS? Top benefits of BackboneJS
- Easy support for restful APIs
- Enables key value binding
- Supports MV structure
- Support abstract code
Companies using BackboneJS
Licensed under MIT, Angular is a typescript-based open-source that is preferred by developers for building mobile app frontends. Angular has vast community support and is maintained by the biggest technology company, Google. This technology helps in developing high-performance applications.
Moreover, it also facilitates effortless testing to ensure the flawlessness of the application. Gmail and The Guardian are the two applications that use this frontend technology. As it is centered on MVC architecture, one of the key characteristics of angular is that it can be used to create a one-page application. Angular allows for two-way data binding, which is necessary for real-time applications. Angular is on track to become the best framework for building massive, enterprise-scale apps.
Why use AngularJS? Top benefits of AngularJS
- Code Reusability
- Enables parallel development
- Easy to build SPA
- Easy to understand
- Supports MVC framework
Companies using AngularJS
Top 5 Latest Backend Technologies
#1. Ruby on Rails
This backend technology is easy to write and read, and hence, facilitates effortless app development. Ruby on Rails is built using the model-view-controller architecture, which enables developers to easily integrate new features and business logic to an app. A huge library of plugins, clear syntaxes and vast community support are some of the key features of RoR. Furthermore, developers can choose from a broad selection of third-party plugins such as Gems for their web app requirements. Major players like Airbnb, Shopify, Basecamp, and others use it. Every stage of the development process is straightforward, from development to testing to final deployment. Many other frameworks on the market, on the other hand, might be quite difficult and time-intensive.
Why use Ruby on rails? Top benefits of Ruby on rails
- Supports MVC architecture
- Easy to manage
- Higher Flexibility
Companies using Ruby on rails
Express.Js, commonly known as Express, is a Node.Js framework for developing mobile and web apps that is simple, fast, and versatile. It’s a Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework that divides the app functionality into various components. Express has a number of useful features and functionalities such as fast performance, a large number of HTTP aids, and improved content management, that can help you take your backend development with Node.JS towards the greater heights. Applications built using Express are being used by Big giants like Uber, IBM, Twitter, and several others.
Why use ExpressJS? Top benefits of ExpressJS
- Code Reusability
- Huge community support
Companies using ExpressJS
Django is a highly customizable and scalable backend technology that can be used mainly for building large applications. You wouldn’t need a third party with Django because everything is incorporated. Everything a developer would require is included right out of the box. Its strategies aid developers in the creation of a secure website. Cross-site scripting, user authentication, SQL injection prevention, and other features are included. As a result, it’s ideal for creating secured websites. Django provides a number of advantages, including improved pluggability, less coding, higher reusability, and faster development. All of Django’s activities, including build, read, change, and delete, are performed in Python. As a result, there is no security risk. Django is the way to go if you want to create a data-driven and feature-rich project. Pinterest, Mozilla, and Disqus are all popular sites that use Django.
Why use Django? Top benefits of Django
- Highly Secured
- Enables rapid development
Companies using Django
Node.js runs in its own runtime environment. This is one of the reasons why it is so prominent among the community. Node.Js is used for creating scalable and rapid applications. This backend architecture is ideal for developing video streaming applications, messaging apps, as well as cross-platform applications. As it is a lightweight framework, node.js is also best for microservices architecture, it enables the division of application functionality into smaller modules, allowing for greater flexibility. Some prominent apps built using Node.Js are Netflix and Facebook.
Why use NodeJs? Top benefits of NodeJs
- Code Reusability
- Asynchronous & event driven
- Faster development time
Companies using NodeJS
Flask is a Python-based backend framework that is among the greatest. It is classified as a tiny web framework because it does not require any explicit libraries or tools. Furthermore, it is more suitable for small web apps. Unit testing, Jinja2 templating, RESTful solicitation handling, and secure cookies are all supported. Flask allows you to create prototypes in a very short amount of time. It comes with excellent documentation, making it much simpler for new developers to get started with Python. Furthermore, the framework’s modularity allows developers to access a variety of flask apps. It also has advantages like efficiency and testability.
Why use a flask? Top benefits of a flask
- Easy to use
- Easily integrable
- No dependencies
Companies using flask
Now when you know about these top mobile app technologies, use any of them for your beginning the mobile app process.
There are a plethora of excellent backend and front-end frameworks available. All of the frameworks mentioned above assist developers in various ways. As a result, you may choose the best of the group by weighing the adaptability of each of them to match your needs. Whether you’re a startup, a small business, or a large corporation, this list of the top 5 frontend and backend frameworks to check-in 2023 will undoubtedly aid you in narrowing your search among the many options accessible. We hope that our words and recommendations helped you speed up your project’s development process. If you are looking for a top mobile app development company to turn your mobile app ideas into reality, then contact Quytech, you can give us your requirements and we’ll take care of the rest.